Permanent makeup, also known as micro-pigmentation, involves coloring the brows, lips, or lash line with a permanent pigment using a tattooing needle. The process is a form of tattooing.
Permanent cosmetics never run or smear, so they are great for people with poor vision or motor function, who have a difficult time applying makeup. They are also great for the person who is over spending so much time in the mirror perfecting their makeup.
If the permanent makeup candidate has the following contraindications, he/she should not receive the procedure:
Pregnancy and lactation
Taking blood-thinning medicines (such as aspirin), cortisone, steroids, Accutaine, Retin-A, or Renova (patients must have written permission from physicians if they are taking Coumadin or Heparin)
Active Eczema, Psoriasis, or other skin conditions in the area to be tattooed
Undiagnosed rashes and blisters
Allergies to makeup or colors
Additionally, herpes simplex can be considered a contraindication; however, with the advent of medications to control the viral breakout, herpes is no longer considered a contraindication. We would, however, prefer to treat preventatively with oral medication if you are planning for lip blush.
Initial permanent makeup application typically takes 2 to 4 hours to complete, and touch-ups can take significantly less time.
Although permanent cosmetics can fade over time and require periodic touch-ups, they are considered permanent because the color cannot be washed off.
Many risks associated with permanent makeup are the same for tattoos on other parts of the body. Bleeding may occur during the tattooing procedure, and swelling, bruising, and tenderness of the treated area are common. Although rare, some people may have an allergic reaction to certain shades of cosmetic tattooing ink. Other risks include the formation of irregular scars called keloids around the tattoo, and a possible interference with MRIs. Overall, dissatisfaction is the largest risk factor associated with permanent makeup. Although there is some flexibility in changing the colors and shapes of permanent lip, eye, and eyebrow makeup, and laser tattoo removal may be an option, those considering permanent cosmetics must remember that the results are meant to last a lifetime.
Typically, there is very minimal downtime with permanent makeup. There is not generally any bruising, and the redness and swelling mainly takes place the day of the procedure and possibly the next day. Depending on the type of pigment, with time, it fades.